Speech Language Pathology

Speech/language pathology professionals specialize in communication disorders as well as swallowing disorders. These include problems with accent reduction, speech sounds, language, social communication, voice, fluency, cognitive communication and swallowing.

Speech Sounds

These are how we say sounds and put sounds together into words. Other words for these problems are articulation or phonological disorders, apraxia of speech or dysarthia.

Language

How well we understand what we hear or read and how we use words to tell others what we are thinking. In adults you may hear this problem called aphasia.

Social Communication

How well we follow rules like taking turns, how to talk to different people, or how close to stand to someone when talking. This is also called pragmatics.

Voice

How our voice sounds. We may sound hoarse, lose our voice easily, talk too loud or through our nose, or be unable to make sounds.

Fluency

Also called stuttering, is how well our speech flows. Someone who stutters may repeat sounds or pause a lot when talking. Many young children will go through a time when they stutter, but most outgrow it.

Cognitive-Communication

May include problems with memory, attention, problem solving, organization and other thinking skills.

Swallowing

This is also called dysphagia. Difficulty with chewing and swallowing food and liquid.

Accent Reduction

Improving awareness of how you are speaking currently and how you would like to sound.