The neck, throat and mouth are responsible for many everyday functions. The thyroid, a tiny gland in the neck, regulates metabolism—the process in which the body converts food into energy needed to maintain breathing, blood circulation, cell growth and repair and more. Diseases and conditions of the neck, throat and mouth can impact your health in far-reaching ways. Bartlesville ENT has solutions for evaluating and treating a wide range of conditions that affect this region including hoarseness, tonsil infection and cancer. Learn more in this following section.
Hoarseness refers to an abnormal change in your voice: speaking can be difficult and the voice may sound weak, breathy, coarse, tremulous, raspy or strained. Most hoarseness is minor and temporary, often caused by overuse or vocal cord strain (like yelling at a ballgame). Sometimes, however, hoarseness can be persistent or serious. Causes of this type may include laryngitis, misuse/abuse of the voice, benign and malignant vocal cord lesions, acid reflux, vocal hemorrhage and smoking. Our doctors will evaluate your hoarseness and examine your vocal cords when hoarseness is severe and/or persists for more than a few weeks. Treatments may include rest, medication, speech therapy and sometimes surgery.
Although the majority of voice disorders require no treatment and clear up quickly, some problems may be more serious or persistent. Our physicians and speech therapists are trained to diagnose and treat a wide variety of diseases that can affect the voice.
Thyroid & Parathyroid
The thyroid and parathyroid are glands that live in the lower neck. The thyroid gland helps regulate the body’s metabolism, while the parathyroid glands are responsible for…blood. Both the thyroid and parathyroid glands re susceptible to enlargement, infection, inflammation, cysts and tumors. Treatments may include hormone replacement therapy, medication or surgery.
The tonsils are lumps of lymphoid tissue in the back of the throat. They are a part of the immune system designed to protect the body from viruses, bacterium and other germs. Because of their location, the tonsils are susceptible to infection and enlargement. These conditions may lead to fever, sore throat, swollen glands snoring and difficulties with eating or swallowing. Recurrent tonsillitis may require antibiotic treatment or in severe or recurrent cases, tonsillectomy. Enlarged tonsils that cause snoring and breathing difficulties at night (sleep-disordered breathing) are the most common reason for tonsillectomy in children.
Like tonsils, adenoids are lymphatic tissues that help serve as the body’s first line of defense against germs and bacteria. They are located high in the throat, behind the nose and soft palate, and may become infected after contact with a foreign substance. Enlarged or inflamed adenoids can cause breathing difficulties, ear infections, runny noise, snoring and restless sleep. Options for treatment include antibiotics and surgery.
Although most people think of dentists when they think of their mouths, Ear, Nose and Throat Physicians diagnose and treat many disorders of the mouth. Infections, injuries and growths can affect the lips, tongue and oral cavity in many ways. Our physicians have specialized training for both medical and surgical treatment of this important area.